Monday, July 30, 2007

Azorean buzzard fact sheet

Buteo buteo rothschildi Azorean  buzzard

The Azorean Buzzard, also known in Terceira island as “Queimado” (meaning “burned”) is an endemic subspecies and the only daytime bird of prey in the Azores. They are sexually dimorphic, with the females being larger than the males. In this area they often form groups of 12 to 40 individuals, although they can also be solitary. Their distribution is limited to the islands of the oriental and central groups of the Azores. Perfect places to observe these fantastic birds of prey are São Miguel Island (Povoação, Furnas, Ribeira Grande and Sete Cidades), Terceira Island (Pico da Bagacina), Terceira Island (Serra do Cume), São Jorge Island (the wind farm), Faial Island (the airport) and Pico Island (Santo António and  Criação Velha). This species inhabits forests and  cliffs, as well as pasture areas with large trees. Their preference is to  occupy low zones. This species is classified as "common breeding" in the Azores.

Length: 51 - 57 cm

Weight: 550 - 1,300 g

Wingspan: 113 - 135 cm

Population in the Azores: c.2,000

Longevity: 25 years

Diet: Small mammals (e.g. rabbits) and animal carcasses

Eggs: 2 - 4

Incubation: 42 days (between March and September)

Nesting sites: Trees, cliffs and rocky ledges

Fledging: 40 - 45 days

In other languages: 
Portuguese: Milhafre
Spanish: Ratonero común/Busardo ratonero/Águila ratonera 
French: Buse variable
Italian: Poiana comune
German: Mäusebussard
Dutch: Buizerd
Swedish: Ormvråk
Norwegian: Musvåk
Danish: Musvåge
Finnish: Hiirihaukka

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