Monday, July 30, 2007

Northern fulmar fact sheet

Fularus glacialis Northern fulmar

The northern fulmar is a robust pelagic bird and is very abundant in the northern hemisphere. They can reach a length of 45 to 50 cm, wit a wingspan of 102 to 112 cm and can weight 450 to 1000 g. They breed throughout the North Atlantic and the North Pacific, ranging from the UK in the south to the Arctic in the north. They can be seen only in winter in the Azores and sightings here are considered to be rare and they have not been registered in São Jorge and Graciosa. Northern fulmars fly low over the sea with their wings kept still and with shallow wingbeats. To reach their breeding sites fulmars use updraughts created by the wind to fly high. They feed on fish, squid, crustaceans like shrimps, jellyfish and large zooplankton. They feed in flocks out at sea and defend their nest from instruders by spitting out a foul-smelling oil. Northern fulmars lay one egg at the time. The incubation time is 47 to 53 days and fledging takes place after 49 to 58 days. The average lifespan is 38 years. Northern fulmars have several slightly different forms, with colour that vary from light grey and white to darker forms that commonly occur in the far north. Fulmars are increasingly vulnerable to the increasing levels of marine litter such plastic bags and other debris.

In other languages
Portuguese: Pombalete
Spanish: Fulmar boreal 
French: Fulmar boréal
Italian: Fulmaro
German: Eissturmvogel
Dutch: Noordse stormvogel
Swedish: Stormfågel 
Norwegian: Havhest
Danish: Mallemukken
Finnish: Myrskylintu
Polish: Fulmar zwyczajny

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